1. Buttonquail or hemipodes are members of a small family of birds, Turnicidae, which resemble, but are unrelated to, the quails of Phasianidae. They inhabit warm grasslands in Asia, Africa, Europe, and Australia.
Lifespan: On average, males will live 3–5 years and females 2–4. Some individuals have lived up to 9 years old, making this species' life span well below 20 years.
Scientific name: Turnicidae
Higher classification: Shorebirds
Family: Turnicidae; GR Gray, 1840
Lower classifications: Common buttonquail, Barred buttonquail, Turnix, Yellow-legged buttonquail, Black-breasted buttonquail
2. The budgerigar is a long-tailed, seed-eating parrot usually nicknamed the budgie, or in American English, the parakeet. Budgies are the only species in the genus Melopsittacus. Naturally, the species is green and yellow with black, scalloped markings on the nape, back, and wings.
Lifespan: 5 – 10 years (In captivity)
Clutch size: 4 – 6
Scientific name: Melopsittacus undulatus
Length: 18 cm (Adult, In the wild)
Mass: 30 – 40 g (Adult, In the wild)
3. The domestic canary, often simply known as the canary, is a domesticated form of the wild canary, a small songbird in the finch family originating from the Macaronesian Islands. Canaries were first bred in captivity in the 17th century. They were brought over by Spanish sailors to Europe.
Scientific name: Serinus canaria domestica
Higher classification: Atlantic canary
Lifespan: Can live 5–10 years on average, but some can live up to 15 or even 20. Red factor canary: 10 years, Harz Roller: 10 years.
4. The domestic pigeon is a pigeon subspecies that was derived from the rock dove. The rock pigeon is the world's oldest domesticated bird. Mesopotamian cuneiform tablets mention the domestication of pigeons more than 5,000 years ago, as do Egyptian hieroglyphics.
Scientific name: Columba livia domestica
Higher classification: Rock dove
Breeds: Homing pigeon, Racing Homer, Fantail pigeon, Indian Fantail, English Carrier pigeon
Lifespan: Pigeons have short life spans of around 5 years in the wild, but in captivity, they are said to live about 15 years. One individual was recorded at 33 years.
Lifespan: Their estimated life span is 15–27 years.
Mass: 140 g
Scientific name: Streptopelia capicola
Higher classification: Streptopelia
Conservation status: Least Concern (Population increasing)