1. The Department of Education gives greater emphasis on the development of basic skills. What is the philosophical basis for this?
2. Teacher M views his students as unique, free-choosing and responsible individuals. All classroom activities revolve around the said premise. What theory underlies this?
3. Religious rituals in the classroom and in the school programs prove the deep natural religiosity of the Filipinos. Which philosophy has greatly contributed to the tradition?
4. In order to make Roman education truly utilitarian, how should the day-to-day lessons be taught?
a. Taught in the students' native dialect
b. Taught interestingly through the play way method
c. Related and linked to the events happening in everyday life
d. Practiced at home under the guidance of their respective parents.
5. Which influenced the military training requirements among students in the secondary and tertiary levels?
6. Which philosophy has the educational objective to indoctrinate Filipinos to accept the teachings of the Catholic church which is foster faith in God?
7. Virtue as one component in the teaching of Rizal as a course focuses on the teaching of good and beauty consistent with the good and beauty in God. What philosophy supports this?
d. Social Reconstructionism
8. Giving education the highest budgetary allocation, the Philippine government recognizes the possible contribution of its future citizens to the national development goals of the Philippine society. Which stressed this goal of education for social transformation?
a. Athenian education
b. Followers of Christ
c. Greek education
d. Roman education
9. The progressivists emphasized the individuality of the child. What is the concern of the reconstructionists?
a. Experiential learning
c. Social problem
10. One of the following quotations does not conform to the Christian doctrine of Education for Humanitarianism. Which one is it?
a. Do unto others as you would like others do unto you
b. Love they neighbor as thyself
c. Not on bread alone is man to live but on every utterance that comes from mouth of God
d. Whatever good things we do to our poor, helpless brothers, we do it for God.
11. Scouting and Citizen's Army Training (CAT) give training in character-building, citizenship training, etc. Which leads to the creation of a new social order and a new society eventually. What philosophy supports this?
d. Social reconstructionism
12. Teacher V demonstrated the technique on how to group students according to their needs and interests and how to use self-paced instructional materials. Which philosophy is manifested in this activity?
d. Social Reconstructionism
13. Teacher G, a Christian Living teacher, puts so much significance on values development and discipline. What could be her educational philosophy?
14. Which one does not illustrate the principle that rights and duties are correlative?
a. The right of an unmarried pregnant teacher to abort her baby in relation to her duty to protect her name and her job as a teacher
b. The right of a state to compel students to military service is reciprocated by the duty of the state to protect them.
c. The right to a living wage involves the duty of the school administrators to give the salary agreed upon and the duty of the teachers to give a fair amount of work.
d. The right to life of children and to be given respect of such right.
15. Why should a teacher take the obligation upon himself to study and understand the custom and traditions of the community where he works?
a. To change the culture of the community.
b. To have a sympathetic attitude for the people of the community.
c. To identify the weaknesses of the culture of the community.
d. To please the people of the community.
16. A teacher who is a recognized expert in carpentry works, taught his students how to prepare and construct good and aesthetic furniture from local resources. What cultural transmission process is this?
17. Every first day of the school year, Miss Reyes prepared activities which will make her Grade 2 children, sing, plan, learn and introduce themselves to the class. What process did the teacher emphasize?
18. Which program in the educational system seems to be aligned to the Christian humanitarian principle respect for the human personality?
a. The alternative learning system delivery
b. The functional literacy program for the out-of-school youth and adults
c. The promotion of the basic human rights of the Filipino
d. The study of the Philippine Constitution
19. With a death threat over his head, Teacher Liza is directed to pass an undeserving student, if she is a hedonist, which of the following will she do?
a. Don't pass him, live her principle of justice. She will get reward, if not in this life, in the next.
b. Don't pass him. She surely will not like someone to give you a death threat in order to pass.
c. Pass the student. That will be of use to her, the student and his parents.
d. Pass the student. Why suffer the threat?
20. Which philosophy approves a teacher who lectures most of the time and requires his students to memorize the rules of grammar?
21. In a student conducted, the pupils were asked which nationality they would prefer if given a choice. Majority of the pupils wanted to be Americans. In this case, in which obligation relative to the state are schools seemed to be failing?
a. Instill allegiance to the constitutional authorities
b. Promote national pride
c. Promote obedience to the laws of the state
d. Respect for all duly constituted authorities.
22. Which subject in the elementary and likewise in the secondary schools are similar to the goal of Rome to train the students for citizenship?
a. Communication ARts
23. Which of the following schools practices is not based on Social Reconstructionism?
a. Establishment of SDF
b. Exemption of Scouts from CAT
c. Promoting culture and arts in schools
d. Promoting project WOW
24.Which of the following is the focus of the Japanese education in the Philippines?
a. Democratic ideals and nationalism
b. Love and service to one's country
c. Religion and love for Asian brothers
d. Vocational and health education
25. According to reconstructionism, the goal of education is to bring about a new social order. Which practice best manifests this view?
a. The class conducts scientific experiments to discover or verify concepts.
b. The class discusses role models and their impact on society.
c. The class allowed to engage in divergent thinking.
d. The class undertakes well-planned projects in the community.
Answers: 1A 2B 3B 4C 5D 6C 7B 8D 9C 10C 11D 12B 13A 14A 15B 16B 17D 18C 19D 20B 21B 22D 23C 24D 25D
LET Reviewer Professional Education Prof. Ed.: Foundations of Education
1. Teacher A, a Values Education teacher emphasizes ethics in almost all her lessons. Which of the following emphasizes the same?
a. Liberal Education
b. Moral Education
c. Religious Training
d. Social Education
2. Which reform in the Philippine Educational System advocates the use of English and Filipino as media of instruction in specific learning areas?
a. Alternative Learning
b. Bilingual Education
c. K-12 Program
d. Multilingual Education
3. Activities planned by school clubs/ organizations show school-community connection geared towards society's needs. What philosophy is related to this?
d. Social reconstructionism
4. What philosophy is related to the practice of schools acting as laboratory for teaching reforms and experimentation?
d. Social Reconstructionism
5. Which of the following situations presents a value conflict?
a. The teacher and his students have class standing as their priorities.
b. The teacher and the administrator follow a set of criteria in giving grades.
c. The teacher has students whose parents want their children to obtain higher grades than what they are capable of getting.
d. The teacher sets high expectations for intelligent students such as getting higher grades.
6. Which situation shows that a sense of nationhood is exemplified?
a. The class conducted a debate using Filipino as medium
b. The class is required to watch the TV sitcom of Oprah to improve their English communication skills.
c. The class opted to make a choral rendition of the theme song of a foreign movie.
d. When Teacher Chris asked her Grade 2 students in what country they wish to live, most of them chose United States.
7. A teacher who believes in the progressivist theory of education would embrace certain reforms on methodology. Which reform would be consistent with this theory?
a. Active participation of teachers
b. Formal instructional pattern
c. Strict external discipline
d. Teacher domination of class activities
8. What philosophy of education advocates that the curriculum should only include universal and unchanging truths?
9. Which of the following is not a function of the school?
a. Changing cultural practices
b. Development of attitudes and skills
c. Reproduction of species
d. Socialization among children
10. Which move liberalized access to education during Spanish period?
a. The education of illiterate parents
b. The establishment of at least one primary school for boys and girls in each municipality
c. The hiring of tribal tutors to teach children
d. The provision of vocational training for school age children
11. Which of the following is the chief aim of Spanish education?
a. Conformity and militarism
b. Perpetuation of culture
c. Propagation of the Catholic religion
d. Utilitarianism and conformity
12. Which of the following is the aim of our education during the Commonwealth period?
a. Designed after Japanese education
b. Patterned after the American curriculum
c. Predominantly religious
d. Purely nationalistic and democratic
13. Which of the following is not a reason why the basic education curriculum has been restructured?
a. To become globally competitive during this industrial age
b. To be relevant and responsive to a rapidly changing world
c. To empower the Filipino learners for self- development throughout their life.
d. To help raise the achievement level of students
14. Which philosophy of education influence the singing of the National Anthem in schools?
15. Who among the following believes that learning requires disciplined attention, regular homework, and respect for legitimate authority?
16. Which of the following is the main function of the philosophy of education?
a. Reconsider existing educational goals in the light of society's needs
b. Provide the academic background prerequisite to learning
c. Define the goals and set the direction for which education is to strive
d. Aid the learner to build his own personal philosophy
17. Homeroom advisers always emphasize the importance of cleanliness of the body. Children are taught how to wash their hands before and after eating. What is this practice called?
d. Social norm
18. Which curricular move served to strengthen spiritual and ethical values?
a. Integration of creative thinking in all subject
b. Introduction of Values education as a separate subject area
c. Reducing the number of subject areas into skill subject
d. Re-introducing science as a subject in Grade 1
19. The greatest happiness lies in the contemplative use of mind, said Plato. Which of the following activities adheres to this?
a. Cooperative learning
c. Role Playing
d. Social Interaction
20. Your teacher is of the opinion that the word and everything in it are ever changing and so teaches you the skill to cope with the changes. Which in his governing philosophy?
21. Teacher Myra says: "If it is billiard that brings students out of the classroom, let us bring it into the classroom. Perhaps, I can use it to teach Math". To which philosophy does teacher Myra adheres to?
22. Which of the following should be done to build a sense of pride among Filipino youth?
a. Replace the study of folklores and myths with technical subjects
b. Re-study our history and stress on our achievements as people
c. Re-study our history from the perspective of our colonizers
d. Set aside the study of local history
23. A teacher who subscribes to the pragmatic philosophy of education believes that experience study should follow learning in her teaching. Which of the following does she do to support her belief?
a. Encouraging learners to memorize factual knowledge
b. Equipping learners with the basic abilities and skills
c. Providing learners opportunities to apply theories and principles
d. Requiring learners full master of the lesson.
24. Which philosophy influenced the cultivation of reflective and meditative skills in teaching?
d. Zen Buddhism
25. Which of the following situation manifests a balance between teachers responsibility and accountability?
a. She entertains her students with personal stories until the end of the period.
b. She spends most of the time on the latest gossips in showbiz.
c. She teaches as much as she could for duration of the period.
d. She teaches as well as entertains the students with per personal stories.
Answers: 1B 2B 3D 4C 5C 6A 7A 8C 9C 10B 11C 12D 13D 14A 15A 16C 17D 18B 19B 20A 21C 22B 23C 24D 25C